Lion (Panthera Leo)
Lions now live exclusively in the south Sahara desert and some parts of south- east Africa. Male lions can grow up to 4 feet high, 5-8 feet long, and weigh 300- 500 pounds. Generally, the female lion is smaller than the male. They live in groups called “prides” that consist of around 15 lions. Prides are made up of mostly female lions and their cubs, usually, with one main male lion. In the pride, lions show affection by rubbing heads, licking and purring. The male lion is extremely territorial and will roar and mark the other members of its pride. The females are the hunters. Lions are carnivores and eat a wide range of animals: wildebeest, impala, zebra, giraffe, buffalo, wild hogs, hippos, and rhinos. When food is scarce lions have also been known to attack elephants. Since the 1950’s the lion population has been cut in half. Less than 21,000 remain today.
Facts used from http://www.defenders.org/african-lion/basic-facts